ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING (02)
/MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (19)
ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
SUBJECT CODE : 213905
B.E 3rd SEMESTER
 Basic Concepts : Microscopic & Macroscopic point of view, thermodynamic system and control volume, thermodynamic properties, processes and cycles, Thermodynamic equilibrium, Quasi – static process
 First Law of Thermodynamics: First law for a closed system undergoing a cycle and change of state, energy, PMM1, first law of thermodynamics for steady flow process, steady flow energy equation applied to nozzle, diffuser, boiler, turbine, compressor, pump, heat exchanger and throttling process, filling and emptying process
 Second law of thermodynamics : Limitation of first law of thermodynamics, KelvinPlanck and Clausius statement and their equivalence, PMM2, causes of irreversibility, Carnot theorem, corollary of Carnot theorem, thermodynamic temperature scale
 Entropy : Clausius theorem, property of entropy, inequality of Clausius, entropy change in an irreversible process, principle of increase of entropy, entropy change for non flow and flow processes, third law of thermodynamics
 Energy : Energy of a heat input in a cycle, exergy destruction in heat transfer process, exergy of finite heat capacity body, exergy of closed and steady flow system, irreversibility and Gouy Stodola theorem and its applications, second law of efficiency
 Vapor Power cycles : Carnot vapor cycle, Rankine cycle, comparison of Carnot and Rankine cycle, calculation of cycle efficiencies, variables affecting efficiency of Ranine cycle, reheat cycle, regenerative cycle, reheat – regenerative cycle, feedwater heaters,
 Gas Power cycles : Recapitulation of Carnot, Otto and Diesel cycle, Dual cycle, Compression of Otto, Diesel and Dual cycles, air standard efficiency, mean effective pressure, brake thermal efficiency, relative efficiency, Brayton cycle, effect of reheat, regeneration, intercooling and turbine and compressor efficiency on Brayton cycle
 Properties of gases and gas mixtures: Avogadro’s law, equation of state, ideal gas equation, Vander Waal’s equation, reduced properties, law of corresponding states, compressibility chart, Gibbs Dalton law, internal energy; enthalpy and specific heat of a gas mixtures
Basic Concepts

1Introduction

2Microscopic and macroscopic point of view

3Thermodynamic system and control volume

4Thermodynamic properties

5State, process and cycle

6Thermodynamic equilibrium

7QuasiStatic process

8Pure substance

9Vapour liquid solid phase in a pure substances

10Critical and triple point of pure substance

11pvT surface

12Work and Heat Transfer

13Point function and path function

14Temperature and zeroth law of thermodynamics

15Continuum
First Law of Thermodynamics

16Introduction

17First law of thermodynamics for a closed system undergoing a cycle

18First law of thermodynamics for a closed system undergoing a change of state

19Energy  a property of system

20Perpetual motion machine of the first kind  PMM1

21Non flow process and flow process

22Flow process and control volume

23Steady and unsteady flow process

24Steady flow energy equation (SFEE)

25Engineering Application of SFEE

26Unsteady flow processes : filling and emptying process

27Flow and nonflow work
Second Law of Thermodynamics

28Limitation of the first law of thermodynamics

29Thermal energy reservoirs

30Heat engines

31Heat pumps and refrigerators

32Kelvin  Plank statement of second law of thermodynamics

33Clausius statement of second law of thermodynamics

34Equivalence of Kelvin Plank and Clausius statements

35Comparison between Kelvin Plank and Clausius statements

36Perpetual motion machine of second kind (PMM2)

37Carnot cycle and Carnot heat pump

38Carnot theorem

39Corollary of Carnot theorem
Entropy

40Introduction  Entropy

41Clausius theorem

42Entropy is a property

43Inequality of Clausius

44Entropy change for open system

45Reversible and irreversible process

46Principle of increase of entropy or change in entropy of the universe

47Applications of entropy principle

48Temperature entropy (TS) diagram

49Entropy change during thermodynamic process

50Entropy change for pure substance

51Third law of thermodynamics (Nernst law)
Exergy and irreversibility

52Introduction to exergy

53Exergy ( available energy ) referred to a cycle

54Lost work  Exergy destruction in heat transfer process

55Exergy ( availability ) of closed system (non flow process)

56Exergy ( availability) of steady flow open system

57Reversibility and irreversibility

58Irreversibility Gauy Stodola Theorem

59Applications of Gauy Stodola equation

60Second law efficiency or effectiveness

61Availability, irreversibility and second law efficiency (effectiveness) of open system
Vapour Power Cycles
Gas Power Cycles

71Introduction

72Carnot cycle

73Otto cycle or constant volume cycle

74Diesel Cycle ( Constant Pressure Heat Addition Cycle)

75Dual cycle or Limited pressure cycle or Mixed cycle

76Comparision of Otto Diesel and Dual cycles

77Brake thermal and relative efficiencies

78Brayton Cycle

79Actual Brayton cycle

80Effect of operating variables on efficiency of Brayton cycle

81Effect of intercooling on Brayton cycle

82Effect of regeneration on Brayton cycle

83Effect of reheating on Brayton cycle

84Effect of intercooling and regeneration on Brayton cycle

85Effect of intercooling and reheating on Brayton cycle

86Effect of reheating and regeneration on Brayton cycle

87Effect of intercooling reheating and regeneration on Brayton cycle
Properties of gases and gas mixtures

88Avogadro's law

89Equation of state

90Ideal gas equation

91Van der Waal's equation

92Reduced properties

93Law of corresponding states

94Compressibility chart

95GibbsDalton Law

96Volumetric analysis of a gas mixture

97Apparent molecular weight and Gas constant

98Specific heat of a gas mixture

99Adiabatic mixing of perfect gases

100Gas and Vapour mixtures
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